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Teaching children credit basics
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7 facts to consider before talking to kids about credit

What your child learns about credit today could determine the decisions she makes when she has her own credit cards and loans in a few years. But it can be tough to explain how credit works. Here are key facts to consider before you start the conversation.

credit card

Chances are, even older kids don’t realize credit card companies charge interest and additional fees that can really add up. Explaining interest to kids can help set them on the right track when they start managing their own credit cards.

It’s easy to see why tweens and teens may think that everything from a car loan to a college loan to a payday loan has the same consequences, since they seem to function by the same basic rules. Parents can explain that the terms of the debt and how the debt is used determine its effect on personal finances.

Most Americans’ credit scores fall within the 680 to 720 range. A score above 740 typically qualifies you for lower interest rates. 

30-year mortgage graphic

Mortgage lenders, credit card issuers, banks and auto lenders use your credit score to help gauge their risk in lending you money. With a good credit score, you may qualify for lower interest rates because you’re perceived as a desirable customer and a low risk. Young adults may not know that in some cases, credit reports are also used to assess how responsible you are by insurance companies, landlords and potential employers.

The impact of credit inquiries and negative activity diminishes over time but generally doesn’t disappear for years. Even if you pay off overdue debt quickly, it can take seven to 10 years from the delinquency date for negative marks to be removed from your report.

credit report

As an authorized user on a parent’s credit card account, the account appears both on your credit report and the child’s. The child can use the card to make purchases but isn’t responsible for repayment. Instead parents are responsible for anything the teen buys.

When it comes to the value of a good credit history, the lessons parents impart today can help kids establish positive habits later. If they’re too credit-averse and use cash or debit cards for everything, they will not establish a credit history and could have a hard time qualifying for a mortgage or car loan. But if they overuse credit, they can easily fall into too much debt. That’s why it’s important to strike the right balance between using credit—but not abusing it.

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The material provided on this website is for informational use only and is not intended for financial or investment advice. Bank of America and/or its partners assume no liability for any loss or damage resulting from one's reliance on the material provided. Please also note that such material is not updated regularly and that some of the information may not therefore be current. Consult with your own financial professional when making decisions regarding your financial or investment management.

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